Some Conclusions

Though Fröbel was inspired by for example Plato, Böhme, Kant, Schelling, Goethe, Schiller, Jahn and Arndt it is no doubt that also the Bible has inspired him when he created "The Gifts" and wrote "Mutter- und Koselieder". His fathers words: "You shall follow Christ", was important to Fröbel during his whole life.

"God has given many gifts to mankind; stones, flowers and animals", said Fröbel. Nature Man and God meet in harmony in "Life Unity" (Lebenseinigung), claimed Fröbel. Both in the Gifts and in "Mutter- und Koselieder" you can see signs from the Bible. In "Mutter- und Koselieder" the pictures show harmony and symmetry, both parts of "Life Unity". The rainbow is a sign of unity and of peace. If you look at the Title-Page (A 13) as a story of the Creation you can find many sign from Genesis, for example the older children could be Adam and Eve (Gen. 2)

After God's punishment of mankind he said to Noah after the flood: "I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the convenant between me and the earth" (Gen 1: 13). With Fröbel is a rainbow a symbol of Unity and Family. A drop of dew mirrors the rainbow, that is the big things that are to be found in the small and on the contrary.

The sund and the moon are there: "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night ..." (Gen. 1: 14) and also the dove with an olive branch in its beak is there (Gen. 8: 11).

In First Epistle to the Corinthians you find: "And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love" (1 Cor. 13: 13. In the "Feelings of a Mother contemplating her Firstborn Child" are faith, hope and love the leading theme.

In one of the pictures "The Little Window" (Das Fensterlein) (A 23) you can find a Columbine with seven flowers. Each flower has five petals, each of them shaped like a little dove. In medevial and renaissance art a Columbine with seven flowers appeals to the seven Spiritual Gifts: "There are different kind of gifts, but the same Spirit" (1 Cor. 12: 4). Fröbel's Gifts had also the inner meaning: a child should use its spiritual gifts. The Virgin Mary appears in Luke 1: 27: "... The virgin's name was Mary" for the first time. Today you seldom find approaches to the religious side of Fröbel's work, but to exclude it makes his theory only half.

Fröbel's theory lives today in this motto found in Bad Blankenburg, Thuringia in Germany where Fröbel started the first Kindergarten: Kreise, Kommunikation und Kreativität and that means Circle, Communication and Creativity.